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Places of Interest

Tourism -Places of Interest

Having founded in 1221, as an eastern outpost of Russia, Nizhny Novgorod is the third largest city of modern European Russia, as well as a cultural and industrial center of the country. At present, the image of the city has preserved many historic and cultural monuments.
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin - is a unique example of ancient Russian defensive architecture that has been preserved since the early 16 century (recently the city has celebrated the 500th year of the Kremlin). Its image was reconstructed by a renowned architect and restorer S.L.Agafonov, who devoted 50 years to scientific restoration of the Kremlin. The historical center following radial and concentric structure due to peculiarities of the local landscape.
The architectural ensemble of Nizhny Novgorod Trade Fair, situated in the lower part of the city, became a subcenter of the city in 19th century, making the trade fair one of the biggest in Russia and Europe.
In the beginning of the 20th century rivers became very important for the infrastructure of the city. Nowadays their banks are linked with five bridges. In the end of XX century many visitors coming both from other regions of Russia and abroad discovered a new image of the city. The city attracts tourists with a unique combination of historical architecture created in past centuries, and fine examples of new architecture of the late XX century.
The period of total standardization and typification of 1960-s brought identical five-, nine-, and fourteen-storied box-shaped buildings to the city, hardly harmonizing with picturesque landscapes of the Volga and Oka banks. Fortunately it was followed with attempts to introduce some individuality to the architecture, though architects could make use of construction industry products only.
Nowadays, ancient Nizhny Novgorod attracts visitors not only with monasteries, Kremlin, monuments, diverse historic environments, but equally with new, up-to-date buildings, going well with ancient, historic constructions. Nizhny Novgorod has its own individual image. Its architecture develops along with general patterns of Russian architecture, at the same time being very close to foreign architectural practice.

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